Archive for: March 2017

Standards For Uncomplicated Do My Essay Products

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Just how to Put an Appendix

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The Power of Touch

A Mother and Her Son: Surviving the Withdrawal

Written by Michaella Marshall, Audio edited by Alessandra Rey

Austin, Texas-

For 20-year-old Tonya Lucas, March 31, 2014, was set to be the most exciting day of her life. The day she welcomed her son Dashal into the world.

After hearing that a local woman suffering from a methadone addiction did not want to keep her unborn baby, Lucas and her husband made the decision to adopt the child.

What she did not know, was that Dashal’s biological mother was addicted to heroin.

“We were told that his biological mother was on methadone, which was a lie, and not heroin.” Lucas said.

Lucas said that although she was prepared for her son to face opioid withdrawals, she was not prepared for weeks spent in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, watching her son rid himself of the toxic heroin that was poisoning his body.

Infant opioid-addiction, known as neonatal abstinence syndrome affects babies by causing severe body tremors, diaper rashes due to unstoppable diarrhea, and frequent high-pitched screaming. High muscle tone is prevalent due to constant tensing from exposure to the drug. Lucas saw similar symptoms in her son.

“We pretty much just googled things,” said Lucas, “spoke with the CYFD about other children who have been through withdrawals before. but most of our knowledge came from the amazing NICU nurses.”

Nurses used morphine to help reduce the pain, but once again became an addiction. Sugar water was used to try to soothe him, but to little avail.

Two months passed, Dashal stayed in Lovelace Women’s Hospital in Albuquerque New Mexico.  He made little improvement.

With Lucas and her husband working opposite schedules, and spending weekends in the hospital, there seemed to be little hope for the family.

Amid gaps in her schedule, Lucas would come to the hospital to see women holding her sleeping baby. Close to their chest and swaddled tightly, as it was the only way Dashal could sleep.

She credits these cuddlers in helping Dashal to heal faster.

“I feel those women needed the babies as much as the babies needed them,” Lucas said.

The cuddlers provided love that the busy nurses could not.

Cuddling programs are beginning to pop up around the United States due to recent research suggesting close contact can help improve these infants health. Volunteers in hospitals across the nation are spending time with babies who are battling opioid-dependency.

Mary Anthony, from San Antonio, has been a volunteer with opioid-dependent infants for over a year at Methodist Children’s Hospital. She has put in over 200 hours of volunteer work.

“These babies are handed a rough start to life, but with good care and lots of loving cuddles they can overcome,” Anthony said.

She said that working with these infants is very different than working with typically developing babies as they are often sensitive to light, noise and other sensory stimulants.

One-third of all drug dependent babies born in Texas are from San Antonio. In Bexar County alone, 400 babies were born suffering from neonatal abstinence syndrome last year, according to the Texas department of State Health Services.

Two months later, after pain, roadblocks, and further treatments, Dashal was released from hospital and finally made it home.

Dashal is now thriving, but his life will continue to be different than other children’s.

Lucas said that he has hit every milestone that a normal child does and has even excelled in some such as walking, due to his high muscle tone.

“He can count to twenty, knows all of his colors, and his ABC’s,” Lucas said.

Due to his previous condition, Dashal has hyperactivity, aggressive issues, and communication issues, but early intervention is helping to keep him on the right track.

On Wednesday, March 8, 2017, Dashal will be interviewing to start preschool, a huge step for a child who was dealt the worse hand.

Lucas and Dashal said they are extremely excited for the future, and want to inspire others affected by neonatal abstinence syndrome to have hope.

“You are enough,” Lucas said. “The stress and frustration can get overwhelming, but know that it is not your child giving you problems, it’s that he has problems of his own.”

Opioid-Dependent Infants Statistics

Graphics and text by Bella Tommey




In Texas, the average cost of a hospital birth for a typical developing newborn is $3,469 according to the state health department. The average cost for a baby suffering from neonatal abstinence syndromeis $31,321 per birth.

SymptomsInfant opioid-addiction, known as neonatal abstinence syndrome affects babies by causing severe body tremors, diaper rashes, diarrhea, feeding difficulties, sleeping problems, seizures, and frequent high-pitched screaming to name a few. Behavior issues and sensory issues often follow into adolescence.

State Map

One-third of all drug dependent babies born in Texas are from San Antonio. In Bexar County alone, 400 babies were born suffering from neonatal abstinence syndrome last year, according to the Texas department of State Health Services.

Dr. Wendy Penner

Audio and text by Alessandra Rey

Dr. Wendy Penner is the director of prevention and wellness at the Northern Berkshire Community Coalition in North Adams, Massachusetts. She received her PhD in Psychology at the University of Michigan and has since opened up her own consulting firm. She is actively engaged now on both the treatment and policy side of opioids and opioid addiction as well as focuses on promoting behavioral health and development to those who seek her counsel.

Phoenix House- Austin, Texas

Photos and text by Michaella Marshall, video by Sydney Rubin

Phoenix House is a recovery center that focuses on teens recovering from addiction. Phoenix House has locations in Austin, Round Rock, Houston, and Dallas. Although opioid addiction is a more predominant issues in the New England states, there is a country wide increase of opioid usage. Phoenix House, Austin has had it’s own share of children who were born addicted to opioid and now are facing new addictions, and with teens who are addicted and are now pregnant. Phoenix House is a recovery center that focuses on teens recovering from addiction. Phoenix House has locations in Austin, Round Rock, Houston, and Dallas. Although opioid addiction is a more predominant issues in the New England states, there is a country wide increase of opioid usage. Phoenix House, Austin has had it’s own share of children who were born addicted to opioid and now are facing new addictions, and with teens who are addicted and are now pregnant.



All girl vinyl collective challenges male domination in DJing

Zero Waste Grocery Store Fosters Community in East Austin

View full story with photos here.

Story by Amanda Pinney 

Photos by Bryan Rolli 

Homegrown and locally sourced food products line the narrow shelves of a tiny grocery store located in east Austin, Texas. Wooden picnic tables deck the front patio, where locals sip on beer and munch on sandwiches ordered from the counter inside. Just a few feet away lies the garden where the produce grows, a reminder to customers that the crunchy kale on their sandwich came directly from the earth beneath their feet.

In.gredients aims to be more than just a corner store. With a stage for live music and a playground for children, the store hopes to be a staple for residents seeking local food products as well as a spot to hangout in the neighborhood. Although the store joined the neighborhood in 2012, its existence grew threatened by rising property taxes in Austin until it was saved by a successful crowdfunding campaign in early March.

The grocery store embodies the concept of zero-waste – the idea of keeping discarded materials out of Austin’s landfills.

“We have less waste on average as a store than a residential property would per week,” said Ben Hasan, the In.gredients prep food lead. “Not only is that way better than a household, that’s far knocking it out of the park when comparing it to somebody like HEB or Whole Foods.”

The city’s movement toward zero-waste came with the adoption of the Austin Resource Recovery Master Plan in 2011. The plan outlines milestones for the goal of the city becoming zero-waste by 2040, which means at least 90 percent of waste materials will be kept out of landfills.

In.gredients initially started out as a package-free establishment when it opened its doors in 2012. The challenges of functioning as such outweighed the benefits, and over the years the store moved in the zero-waste direction instead.

The transition has been successful, and the store diverts approximately 99 percent of its materials from the landfill.

“We tackle that by having upcycling with some of our vendors,” said Hasan, referring to the process in which vendors bring the store’s items in reusable packages and then take away the empty containers once the store has been restocked. When Hasan prepares food in-house, any leftover scraps are given to composting services or other organizations that will reuse them.

The efforts of remaining a zero-waste business present low conflict in terms of the grocery store’s operation. The rising cost of living in Austin, however, has In.gredients facing double the property taxes and a spike in rent.

To combat the increasing operation costs, the store launched an Indiegogo crowdfunding campaign to invoke community help in raising extra cash through slow times in the year.

“When it’s pretty slow it gets pretty hard and costs to operate keep rising,” Hasan said. “The Indiegogo is an effort to raise some money to get some major equipment and renovations done to this space.”

The renovations will focus on the outdoor space, including expansion of the playground. The store also hopes to offer expanded tap and coffee services to customers who often dine on the patio. In.gredients sees its fair share of regulars and the plans to renovate reflect things people ask about.

An In.gredients customer from the beginning, local resident Katie Stellar was originally attracted to the package-free initiative of the store,  but now views the space as a connector of the community.

“The interaction of music and earth and family and waste reduction is my favorite thing about this place,” Stellar said.

A touring musician, Stellar’s band recently played a show on the patio’s stage. To Stellar, In.gredients has become a  neighborhood fixture and a staple in the midst of the gentrification happening in East Austin.

“I feel like there are a lot of ways to be when you move into a neighborhood where low income people are being forced out and a new population is coming in,” Stellar said.

As the city’s population continues to grow, Stellar sees the gentrification east Manor Road has undergone.

“I think In.gredients has been a very positive force in terms of what it stands for,” Stellar said. “It meets several different layers of community needs all in one space.”

The surrounding businesses also see In.gredients as a unique part of the East Austin neighborhood. The reassurance from these local vendors plays a  part in the reason the grocery store felt confident in its decision to launch the Indiegogo.

“One of the reasons we knew we wanted to, and that we could even with a property and rent hike, was that we’ve seen such an outpouring from the community,” Hasan said.

The store was rightfully confident– on March 6, the stores Indiegogo surpassed its goal, raising $30,241 for the renovations with the help of 80 donations. Some contributors gave as much as $250.

Nearby vendors and businesses helped by encouraging their own customers to support In.gredients and offering free tickets or coupons if they showed a store receipt. They provided a unique way to contribute to the campaign and initiate a sense of community among small local businesses.

“We’re all in it together,” Hasan said. “The focus on a local food economy, a zero-waste cycle and local businesses, whether it’s our food or our producers—I think it fits pretty well into the Austin city.”



Outsider Fest Showcases LGBT Art

Story by Selah Maya Zighelboim
Photos by Yelitza Mandujano and Selah Maya Zighelboim

Amber Bemak and Nadia Granados, two artists from the United States and Columbia, explored political and personal themes in a performance called “American Spectral History” during the third annual Outsider Fest. Using video and performance art, they presented images of aggression from North America against Latin America, violence against women and queer people and lesbian lovers.

“One thing that people said a lot to us after the show is that it made them feel turned on and disgusted at themselves for being turned on but also at what we were showing,” Bemak said. “I think that’s a good descriptor of our work, and we want people to have that visceral experience at the same time because so much of what we talk about politically has to do with sexuality and gender and sex.”

 Amber Bemak performing “American Spectral History”.

Like many other performances at Outsider Fest, “American Spectral History” touches on topics of queerness and intersectionality. Outsider Fest, an LGBT art festival that ran from Thursday, Feb. 16 to Sunday, Feb. 19, featured spoken word, concerts, films and theatrical performances. According to Curran Nault, the festival’s founder and organizer, the goal of Outsider Fest is to facilitate conversations between different groups of people — between artists and academics, different kinds of artists and different races, ethnicities and classes.

“What’s kind of important to me is the name ‘Outsider’ itself,” Nault said. “It’s meant to evoke, obviously, sexuality, as being out, being queer, but also all of the different ways that people can feel marginalized, outside of the norm, outside of power.”

Use this interactive map to explore the different venues used during (Out)sider
Map and captions by Julie Gomez

This year’s theme was ‘Into the Wild,’ which Nault said is meant to express the idea of reconnecting with nature to solidify community and re-emerge, ready to fight. According to Nault, one show that touched on this theme was “Promised Land” by Rudy Ramirez. In the show, Ramirez goes on a personal journey to find self-acceptance, at one point traveling and camping in the woods.

Ramirez said he created his show, “Promised Land,” with a specific kind of audience member in mind, a young queer Latino who needed confirmation that his feelings and experiences were legitimate. Ramirez wanted “Promised Land” to be the validation he needed when he was younger.

“I was queer in my head before, but when I saw this world, I was queer in my heart after that,” he said. “It was a feeling that this world is possible, we can get there. It’s not something that’s just imaginary. It can be real, and it makes it so much more worth fighting for.”

Lilia Rosas (left), Irene Lara Silva (center left), Paige Schilt (center right), and Trystan Cotton (right) during “Conference on the Couch”.

Besides art shows like “American Spectral History” and “Promised Land,” Outsider Fest also included panels. Most days of the festival began with a Conference on the Couch, where attendees could gather in Nault’s living room with a panel of academics, who sat on couches and chairs with attendees to discuss their work. These panels covered art activism, transgenderism and queer publishing.

For Nault, who is radio-television-film lecturer at the University of Texas at Austin, taking academia from its “ivory tower” and bringing it to the community is an important aspect of the festival.

“The fact that we’re literally welcoming you into our living room sets a tone for what the festival is really about, that is that there’s no separation,” Nault said. “There’s no separation between the people making the festival and attending the festival. We’re all together in this family setting.”

According to Nault, art’s emotional resonance makes it unique as a tool for community-building and activism. This resonance allows it to stay with its audience in a way that something like a pamphlet, which only hits on an intellectual level, cannot.  

“Art creates new worlds,” he said. “There’s something that points to a utopian impulse or an imaginary impulse. It creates new visions beyond our current state. It creates a yearning for something different.”

Video by Elise Cardenas, Selah Maya Zighelboim, and Yelitza Mandujano

Know Your Rights–Community Leaders Spreading Awareness Amid ICE Raids

Story by Ceci Gonzales
Images and Infographic by Jane Morgan Scott
Video by Meredith Knight




Remain silent, never lie and ask for a lawyer. Austin attorney Krystal Gómez adamantly insists undocumented immigrants comply with these rules.

The University of Texas at Austin alumna provided a workshop, Know Your Rights, in light of the Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) raids on undocumented immigrants in Austin. Many who were detained did not know the guidelines for detainment and deportation. The Center for Mexican-American Studies and the Mexican-American Latino Studies departments hosted the workshop to change that. They emphasized regardless of whether or not someone is undocumented, each individual does have rights.

“The more people who think they don’t have rights, the more likely we see government intrusion,” Gómez said. “And the more widespread that becomes, the more habit it is for law enforcement officers.”

Knowing your rights affects the actions of government officials, according to Gómez.

“If nobody objects when somebody searches your car without a search warrant or without your consent, then the cops feel like they can keep doing it,” Gómez said.

Undocumented immigrants can utilize the fifth amendment when stopped by law enforcement.

“I think it’s really important for folks to know how to say ‘Sorry no, that’s not okay’ and push back a little bit,” Gómez said.

Other tips included to not resist, lie or show false documents. Obtaining false documents is considered a fraud against the U.S. government. Also, a person may refuse to open the door to a federal agent if authorities do not have a warrant signed by a judge.

MALS professors CJ Alvarez and Karma Chávez created the event to support those who feel threatened by President Trump’s new immigration policies.

“This feels a bit more extreme in the kind of way the Trump administration is going about this,” Chávez said. “Picking up somebody at school, picking up somebody outside of church, five people here, ten people there. It’s real low intensity in a certain sense so it kind of makes you feel like you’re always under threat.”

As a result, Trump’s administration caused an increase in pressure and worry for undocumented students, according to Chávez.

UT League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) president Alejandra Zendejas said she feels this pressure.

“Being a DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) student kind of puts you in an awkward position because you’re not undocumented technically, you have your documents from DACA, but you’re also not a citizen,” Zendejas said.

Knowing her rights became a top priority for Zendejas when Trump took office.

“I started seeing ICE deportations,” Zendejas said. “Now that I know that this is very real and this can happen to me.”

Her biggest fear concerns is her parents being targeted by ICE back home in Dallas.

“When I hear about checkpoints or raids I call my parents. I’m like ‘Hey don’t go here in Dallas, make sure you’re safe, stay home,’” Zendejas said. “That’s my biggest fear, just finding out that they got deported or detained.”

MALS’ next workshop will take place on Tuesday, March 28. ‘Policing in America’ will draw attention to the logistics of policing and how they impact communities.

Written story by Ceci Gonzales


Video by Meredith Knight

Austin Hosts Qualifying Event for 16th Annual Coffee Competition

Photos by Noelle Darilek
Audio by Armando Maese
Text by Courtney Runn

“These events are like coming home,” says Alexandra LittleJohn, as she tinkers with a glass container. “It’s a family reunion of sorts.”

Her table resembles a high school chemistry lab with a hot plate and glass beaker-like containers. Two beakers are stacked on top of each other, each feeding into the other, like an hourglass. She’s about to begin another presentation.

“The heat has to go somewhere so it’s going to go up,” she explains. “Once all of the water is in the top chamber, I’m going to add the coffee to it.”

The handful of people watching lean in to see the coffee travel between the upper and lower glass chambers. The technique relies on vapor pressure and vacuum to brew the coffee.

She passes out small paper cups so everyone can try it. The rich, bitter scent of coffee rushes the senses. The crowd fades and moves on to other tables, drawn to where there is applause.

LittleJohn has been in the coffee community for the past 17 years and currently works as the director of wholesale for Equator Coffees and Teas in California and serves on the executive council of the Barista Guild of America. She is one of many who traveled to Austin for the CoffeeChamp on February 11 and 12, one of two opportunities to qualify for the national coffee competition in Seattle in April.

The coffee community has been coming together to battle it out over espresso and cappuccinos since 2002, when the first North American Barista Championship was organized. The Specialty Coffee Association of America (SCAA) sponsors the event and offers four competition categories: Barista Championship, Brewers Cup Championship, Roast Championship, and Cup Tasters Championship.

Competitors pay a fee of $195 if they belong to SCAA ($350 for non-members), a price that they have to pay out of pocket unless a coffee shop sponsors them.

The rules and regulations are complex. The championships are as much a science as they are an art. Baristas not only make a cup of coffee but simultaneously put on a show, spinning together personal stories, the history of coffee, geographical information on the beans they’re using, and an explanation of their brewing methods.

Mallory Leicht, a coffee trainer for Blue Bottle Coffee, never competed but has judged the competitions for six years and specializes in the Barista Competition. She judged at the Austin qualifying champ and will judge in Seattle as well. Just like the competitors, judges have to qualify for each higher level of judging.

For the Barista Competition category, there are three types of judges: sensory, technical, and head. Sensory judges evaluate drinks based on tangible factors, including if the taste measures up to how the barista described it. They’re also watching for communication skills and professionalism. Technical judges watch the barista’s efficiency and behind-the-bar skills. The head judge observes all aspects of competition and holds the other judges accountable to accuracy and consistency.

“[Competition] helped me as a barista really develop sensory and technical skills. When you’re a tech judge, you become very mindful about the way you use the cafe space,” said Leicht. “There’s just so much opportunity to learn from others what they’re doing, why they’re doing it, what they’re excited about, what kind of equipment they have. It’s kind of like an ongoing conference or ongoing trade show.”

For Lorenzo Perkins, co-owner of Austin coffeeshop Fleet, he owes competition his career. Before he opened Fleet in 2016, he worked at Cafe Medici where he was attracted to their competition-winning baristas. He competed himself for the first time in 2009 and has advanced to nationals five times. This year, at the Austin CoffeeChamp, he placed sixth in the Barista Championship and will be moving on to nationals.

For his signature drink, he made espresso with Demerara simple sugar syrup. He stirred the drink with cascara ice cubes and strained it into coup spritzed with orange blossom water. He topped it all off with shaken cinnamon cream. To connect with the judges, he told a story about his mom, remembering the coffee she made him that consisted of more cream than coffee.

While competition has provided Perkins with significant training and practice, he said he knows at the end of the day it’s just a game and does not necessarily reflect skill. In competition, he said, you’re interacting with “the four best guests you will ever have,” so while it’s an outlet for creativity, success in competition does not always directly correlate with success in real life.

The real test of a barista happens everyday, far away from the scribbling of judges and limits of a clock. And the real judges can be much harsher, rushing in and out, hardly tasting or appreciating the coffee keeping them caffeinated.

Perkins said there’s no “great secret or mystery to making a cup of coffee,” but constant pursuit of what’s next, attention to detail, and basic hospitality can separate the good from the great.

Paul Henry, who oversees all of the Austin Houndstooth locations, appreciates the potential in competition but thinks sending his staff overseas to learn about coffee can be a better financial investment than sponsoring them to compete.

When hiring baristas, Henry looks for intelligence, professionalism, and hospitality. He’s willing to hire someone brand new and often sees his baristas move on to other career paths, but rarely to other coffee shops in Austin.

“Texas baristas are great…because there’s this kind of natural hospitality to Texas,” said Henry. “The MO of baristas is they’re difficult, they’re uptight, they’re pretentious and I haven’t found that to be the case almost all the time in Austin.”

As coffee has grown in popularity, it has found a thriving home in Austin. Perkins describes the growth of coffee culture as happening in three waves. The birth of brands like Folgers marks the first wave, an appeal to the masses. The advent of Starbucks introduced the US to a second wave of coffee. This wave ushered in a European cafe culture and focused on specific flavors. It introduced espresso culture to the average American. The third wave pushed even further, focusing on the precision, preparation, and craft of coffee. This wave does not just highlight certain bean-producing countries but looks to the single farmer lots. Many of Austin’s coffee shops could be categorized in this third wave of coffee.

“Austin is a city full of people who desire to be fascinated,” said Perkins. “They might not know as much about a particular topic as someone else but they’re in to the fact that you’re in to it…From tech to food to dogs to whatever it is, if you’re in to it, other people are into you being into it.”

Coffee is the popular drink right now, but trends will change. Henry isn’t worried, though. While he thinks Austin is headed for a pattern of cafe closures, “the cream rises to the top” and he’s confident that the businesses built on excellence and hospitality will outlast any trendiness surrounding the coffee community.
Leicht can still remember where she was standing when she tasted her first cup of good coffee. Ryan Wilbur, a past competitor and current judge, found third wave coffee early and clung to it, dropping out of college to pursue that taste.

“I often tell people the biggest difference between Starbucks and your local small batch roaster is….like a national chain based restaurant and a celebrity local chef,” said Wilbur. “It’s pretty wonderful you can go to Morton’s The Steakhouse or Ruth’s Chris in most major cities in the US. You’re going to get a very curated and well cared for experience but you’re not going to get a taste of what that city is all about.”

The community of coffee goes deeper than using fancy brewing methods and fading trends. It truly is a family for many of these baristas and judges and coffee enthusiasts. One common factor in all of their desires to make coffee a career was tasting excellent coffee. Once they got a taste of that coffee, that community, that potential to pursue excellence in a cup, they couldn’t go back.